First spirit companies appeared in Bashkiria in the mid of 18 century. They were called distilleries (Russian – винокурня). The distilleries were owned by noble men and located at their manors. They used original recipes to produce various infused fruits and berries or make honey beers.
As late as after one hundred years in the mid of 19 century two merchants, N.K. Blokhin and V.I. Vidineev started buying distilleries from noble men. The merchants upgraded them and then started to build new large distilleries in Ufa, Belebey, Birsk, Sterlitamak and some villages of Bashkiria.
In early 20 century Ufa Governorate had twenty five private distilleries. In 1896 the Russian Government exposed their exclusive right on trading alcohol. They retained the right for wine monopoly. The state started to build state-owned wine purification warehouses. Private wine-makers had to hand in their products to these warehouses. There alcohol was decontaminated from various admixtures. Then it was strengthened up to 90-95 degrees. The concentrate was used to produced vodka as strong as 40 degrees. The products were sold straight away by the warehouse, as well as by private liquor stores.
In the late 1920s the existing ethyl alcohol and vodka plants form Spirtoprom Bashkir Directorate. The shops of the plants were upgraded, they got brand-new equipment.
During the Great Patriotic War alcohol industry workers of the republic were working twice as hard. They arranged 24/7 production of spirit. It was needed by the battle-front, aviation and hospitals. After the war the operation of the ethyl alcohol and vodka-and-liquor plants in Bashkiria was back to normal. The range of vodkas in the Soviet Union was all the same. It was Russkaya, Stolichnaya, Extra, Moscow Secial, Starorusskaya, Pshenichnaya, Posolskaya andThe Golden Ring. However, Bashkiria was not just bottling vodka. they were fruitfully learning how to produce various alcohol products, such as liqueur, infused drinks and balsams.
In the late 20 century the region faced the era of change. Yet the ethyl alcohol and vodka-and-liquorplants of the Republic of Bashkortostan preserved its significance among enterprises of the food and processing industries.
The government of the republic took all possible measures to keep and develop the alcohol industry of the region and to struggle the intense competition. They wanted to support the industry in the uprising market economy. It was decided to unite all the ethyl alcohol and vodka-and-liquor plants of Bashkortostan in a single holding.
Thus, on November 14, 2000 the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Bashkortostan No. 276 created Bashspirt State Unitary Enterprise.
Bashspirt, JSC, is one the largest producers of alcohol products in the Russian Federation. The popular brands of the companies are on sale in 40 regions of the country. Today Bashspirt aims at being a manufacturer of pure organic products. They reject any colorings and use only clear water and organic raw materials. The company has eco-certificates for their trade marks.